- Highly efficient
- Flexible installation
- Wide range of applications
- Minimal emission of noise and pollution
- Immense potential for further technological development
Fuel cells offer a very promising avenue for sustainable generation of electricity and heat. The technology is based on the electro-chemical reaction that occurs when hydrogen ions meet oxygen ions. Heat, water vapour and direct current are produced when this happens – without any noise or waste gases that have an impact on climate.
Fuel cell technology is CO2-neutral if the hydrogen is produced with renewable electricity via electrolysis. It has proven itself effective in practice, can be systematically regulated and is highly effective.
In residential buildings, fuel cells act as small-scale power plants to supply electricity and heat. Emission-free hydrogen-powered buses and trains are already being used for passenger transport in Germany. These virtually generate their own energy directly on-board.
Market development in Germany is making good progress. While just under 2,000 stationary fuel cells were produced in 2016, this is expected to rise to more than 90,000 large plants and 20,000 smaller systems by 2022 (see IWR Online, in German). German research institutes and companies have grappled with this technology for decades and have acquired extensive knowledge and expertise.